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Bjorn Lomborg

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22 May2017

Le décret de Trump sur l'indépendance énergétique révèle l'impuissance de l'Accord de Paris

Published by La Tribune

Bien que Trump ait annulé le plan américain de réduction des émissions de carbone, les Etats-Unis restent dans le cadre de la COP21. Par Bjorn Lomborg, directeur du Copenhagen Consensus Center et professeur adjoint au Copenhagen Business School. En annulant les réglementations mises en place par Barack Obama sur les centrales électriques, le décret de Donald Trump supprime les mesures américaines pour réduire les émissions de carbone, et révèle dans la foulée la vacuité de l'Accord de Paris sur le climat.

19 May2017

Changing the Narrative About Haiti

Published by Project Syndicate

Prioritizing spending alternatives is difficult in every country. But it is especially challenging in Haiti, where, following years of fractious politics, a newly elected government is striving to expand the economy and improve wellbeing while confronting the lingering consequences of the massive 2010 earthquake. Every government has limited funds, but Haiti has an annual budget of just $2 billion, with foreign donors allocating another $1 billion. To put that number into context, the annual budgets of two countries with similar-size populations, the Czech Republic and Sweden, are $74 billion...

17 May2017

The Phenomenal Benefits of Improving Mother and Child Nutrition

Published by The Huffington Post

A tablet that costs less than 5 gourdes (or US$0.08) could end up saving more than 15,000 Haitian lives over the next 12 years, according to new research for Haiti Priorise. Haiti Priorise is a research project in which experts study the costs and effects of different approaches to solving Haitian challenges, from education and economic initiatives to environmental ones. Some of the highest returns on investment are those identified by Stephen Vosti of the University of California, Davis, and colleagues, in an examination of Haitian nutrition.

16 May2017

Memo to whoever lands the world’s top health job – do this first

Published by New Scientist

Jobs don’t come much tougher than this. Whoever is chosen as the new head of the World Health Organization next week has $4.5 billion a year to spend – but when you’re trying to improve public health on a planet of 7.5 billion people, you have to use it wisely. So the new director-general needs to prioritise areas where a sharper focus would squeeze the most out of every dollar, yen, euro or pound spent. Doing this would also bolster the case for an increase in the WHO’s budget.

15 May2017

Building Haiti’s Defenses Against Natural Disasters

Published by The Huffington Post

Over the past 21 years, Haiti has been hit by 40 cyclones, thunderstorms and heavy rains. Each year on average two events cause flooding and landslides with serious consequences for people and their livelihoods. Haiti is more vulnerable than many nations because of the number of people living in poverty. Climate change means that these phenomena could increase in occurrence and severity.

10 May2017

O baixo custo de acabar com a pobreza

Published by Negócios

A verdadeira tragédia é que a melhor solução para a pobreza não custa nada. O crescimento económico generalizado sempre foi o caminho mais eficaz para reduzir a privação. A pobreza é a mais cruel aflição da humanidade. Se uma pessoa é extremamente pobre, não tem recursos para evitar até as doenças facilmente curáveis que causam uma em cada seis mortes humanas. Os seus pulmões estão cheios de poluição do ar, porque, juntamente com outros 2,7 mil milhões de pessoas, cozinha e aquece-se com combustíveis como esterco e madeira – que tem o mesmo efeito que que fumar dois maços de tabaco todos os...

8 May2017

How Increased Access to Family Planning Can Help Haiti

Published by The Huffington Post

During the 1970s and 1980s, a successful family planning program with strong private and public sector support helped contribute to a decline in Haiti’s fertility rate. Political instability in the 1980s saw the dissolution of the National Family Planning Council, the termination of the family planning outreach project, and support for many sexual and reproductive health services shifted to international organizations. In addition, in the early 1980s, the first cases of HIV infection were diagnosed in Haiti, and by the late 1980s, HIV/AIDS-related funding had overtaken family planning funding...

4 May2017

The Case for Building Roads in Haiti

Published by The Huffington Post

Transport problems affect every aspect of life in Haiti. The problems are all too familiar to Haitians. Roads degrade faster than they are rehabilitated or built. The inadequacy of the road network, combined with the pitiful state of roads and transport vehicles, means a large part of the rural population is isolated. In fact, more than half of these people have no access to transportation, and more than a third rely on roads that are difficult to access. These conditions extremely limit access to basic services and opportunities for economic development.

3 May2017

Trump und das Klima

Published by Welt

Präsident Trumps Verfügung, mit der er Obamas Umweltvorschriften für Kraftwerke außer Kraft gesetzt hat, schafft die wichtigste Maßnahme der USA zur Verringerung schädlicher CO2-Emissionen ab. Dies macht deutlich, wie gehaltlos das Pariser Klimaabkommen ist. Die Position der Wissenschaft ist eindeutig: Der Klimawandel ist real und überwiegend von Menschen verursacht. Obama verpflichtete deshalb Amerika zu größeren Anstrengungen bei der Emissionsreduzierung. Laut der Internationalen Energieagentur sagten die USA im Rahmen des Pariser Klimaabkommens zu, von 2013 bis 2025 bei der...

2 May2017

Justice For All: Reducing Preventive Detention in Haiti

Published by The Huffington Post

All Haitians are equal before the law. So says the Haitian Constitution. But in reality, access to justice can happen at different speeds for different people. One reason is the lack of judges. During 2014-2015, there were just 63 trial judges for 8,046 people awaiting trial. Added to this fact, there is a lack of resources to properly operate the judicial and the prison systems. And, according to testimonies and expressions of public sentiment, corruption affects all levels of the judicial system.

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